Secondary Stage (Grade 9 TO 10)
For classes IX- X at Secondary levels, CBSE recommends the study of five learning areas in addition to the core.
The first area of learning deals with language where it is recommended that the students should study two or three languages. English is compulsory. Beside English there is a choice between Indian language or Hindi or Mother Tongue or Local language or foreign language. The aims of the teaching and learning of languages at secondary level are to enhance the linguistic proficiency, communicative competence and thinking skills of students. Communicating through learning, reading, speaking and writing in meaningful ways remains the basis of planning for the theme based Units.
The second area of learning is Social Science. At classes IX and X students will study the disciplines of History, Social and Political Structures, Geography and Economics. History will focus largely on World history with a provision of learning local/ native history. The weight age to world history is extended to seventy percent while the rest would focus on local/native history of the countries in which the schools are situated.
The Social Science curriculum aims to develop in students an understanding and evaluation of the social, political, economic and environmental dimensions of the World, and helps them formulate and justify arguments in response to a diverse range of issues. It will help students to understand local and global environment and become global citizens.
The third area of learning is Mathematics and Technology in classes IX-X. The Mathematics Curriculum helps students develop strategies that improve their logical thinking and analytical ability. These include the ability to approximate and estimate, to use trial and improvement techniques, look for patterns and make hypotheses and will facilitate in the development of logical and special intelligence. The Mathematics Lab activities will be an integral and compulsory part of the Mathematics curriculum and will be examinable from classes IX-X.
Information and Communication Technology is a compulsory component of the curriculum which will help students assess the impact of new technologies on society and train them to use these productively. The focus of the program is to help students understand and use common software applications and use technology to enhance their ability to access, evaluate and research information.
The fourth area of learning is Science which in classes IX-X is studied as individual disciplines of physics, chemistry and biology. The Science curriculum offers students the opportunity to be curious, to question, to investigate, to formulate hypotheses, design and carry out experiments, make critical observations and record results. Through the Science Curriculum students understand the need to make responsible decisions on the use of Science and technology and to consider its impact on the environment. It also helps to nurture scientific talent and develop students' interest and knowledge of scientific ideas for use in choosing careers and to make a strong foundation for further studies.
The fifth area of learning combines the areas of Physical Education, Performing Arts, Visual Arts and Work Education. These offer opportunities for the development of imagination, sense of aesthetics, different skills, sensitivity and inventiveness all of which are requirements of a balanced curriculum.